In 1953, the political and administrative dominance of Tamils, both at the Union and State levels ensured that Madras was not transferred to the new state of Andhra. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fifth largest city. • Its older name Madras was officially changed to Chennai in 1996. However, other national groups, chiefly FrenchPortuguese, and other Catholic merchants had separate agreements with the Nayak which allowed them in turn to establish trading posts, factories, and warehouses. In turn, the Madras Stock Exchange was established in 1920. In 1906, the city experienced a financial crisis with the failure of its leading merchant bank, Arbuthnot & Co. Over time, Indians also arrived in ever greater numbers and soon, the Portuguese and other non-Protestant Christian Europeans were outnumbered. Elihu Yale, after whom Yale University is named, was British governor of Madras for five years. The English Factors at Masulipatam were satisfied with Francis Day's work. Ancient Tamil Nadu contained three monarchical states, headed by kings called Ventar and several tribal chieftaincies, headed by the chiefs called by the general denomination Vel or Velir.During the third century BCE, the Deccan was part of the Mauryan kingdom, and from the middle of the first century BCE to second century CE the same area was ruled by the Satavahana dynasty. CHENNAI: A 75-year-old man was part of the nine-member team which went on two sailboats from Chennai to Puducherry two weeks ago. The 1783 version of Fort St George is what still stands today. Popular Articles. At that time the Coromandel Coast was ruled by Peda Venkata Raya, from the Aravidu Dynasty of Vijayanagara Empire based out of Chandragiri-Vellore. Additionally, the pre-city area of Chennai has a long history within the records of South Indian Empires. In 1746, Fort St George and Madras were captured at last. காரணம் இங்கு… Chennai, formerly known as Madras, city, capital of Tamil Nadu state, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India`s fourth largest city. The region was under the control of the Damerla Venkatadri Nayakar, a Padma Velama Nayak chieftain of Srikalahasti and Vandavasi. They appointed chieftains to look after the Kanchipuram region. mixed Anglo Indian descendants of the original English settlers, a smaller but still extant British and European community, as well as migrant Malayalee communities in the city. One of the top places to know the past of Old Madras, this is also a must-visit place for the history lovers in Chennai. This spot also has the importance of pilgrimage tourism. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated 8 August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company. As a result, owing to the frequency of outbursts of racial and national violence against the Europeans and especially the English, Fort St George with its impressive fortifications became the nucleus around which the city grew and rebuilt itself. During the reorganisation of states in India on linguistic lines, in 1953, Telugu speakers wanted Madras as the capital of Andhra Pradesh and coined the slogan "Madras Manade" (Madras is ours). They were knowledgeable in all fields Here is our first application on Sidhdhargal History in Tamil. Unmoved 7%. Beri Thimmappa, Francis Day's dubash (interpreter), was a close friend of Damarla Ayyappa Nayakudu. India. Despite lacking their original numbers and control, the original British community remnants, along with other minorities as well as the long history of British culture, keeps Madras a slightly cosmopolitan city. Subsequent to Ilam Tiraiyan, the region was ruled by the Chola Prince Ilam Killi. 22 History Research jobs available in Chennai, Tamil Nadu on Indeed.co.in. Historically, Siddhar also refers to the people who were early age wandering adepts that dominated ancient Tamil teaching and philosophy. Currently, the nomenclature of the area is in a state of controversy. , Various etymologies have been posited for the name, Chennai or Chennapattanam. The crisis also imperiled Parry & Co and Binny & Co, but both found rescuers. Eventually, after additional provocations from Golkonda, the British pushed back until they defeated him. Chennai, the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, not just offers a wide range of tourist spots but is also steeped in cultural history and ancient works of art. The bank still has its corporate headquarters in the city. Chennai, originally known as "Madras", was located in the province of Tondaimandalam, an area lying between Penna River of Nellore and the Ponnaiyar river of Cuddalore. Because of its importance to the East India Company, the French plundered and destroyed the village of Chepauk and Blacktown, the locality across from the port where all the dockyard labourers used to live.. The calico cloth from the local area, which was in high demand, was of poor quality and not suitable for export to Europe. The 2004 tsunami lashed the shores of Chennai killing many.  The dispute arose as over the preceding hundred years, the early British, European workers and small cottage capitalists had been replaced in large part by both Tamil and Telugu speaking people. We are adding more features in this app. Another small town, Chennapatnam, lay to the south of it. Founded in 1644 and also known as the white town, Fort St George is the place from where East India Company used to work. Before 17th century. Kiriburu is situated in the state of Jharkhand. Instead, it is likely that Fort was built either close to the village or if it was built upon the village, the village was relocated. This new area saw a proliferation of English merchant and planter families who, allied with their wealthy Indian counterparts, jointly controlled Chennapatnam under the supervision of White Town. Consequently, they expanded the Chartered control of the company by encompassing the neighbouring villages of Triplicane, Egmore, Purasawalkam and Chetput to form the city of Chennapatnam, as it was called by locals then. Known as 'White Town ' who had so far been merely viceroys, then headquartered at Chandragiri present-day... 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