The American Revolutionary War of 1775–83, the French Revolution of 1789–99, the Haitian Revolution of 1791–1804, the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and the rebellions in Spanish America (1810–25) were inspired by republican ideals, but whether the rebels would have gone so far as to usurp the Crown remains a subject for historical debate. Rather, as revealed in the ruling of Chief Justice Sir John Robinson, a Lockean justification was given for the prisoners' condemnation, and not a Burkean one: the Crown, as protector of the lives, liberty and prosperity of its subjects, could "legitimately demand allegiance to its authority." Great Britain's Chartistssought the …  The raids did not end until the rebels and Hunters were defeated at the decisive Battle of Windsor, nearly a year after the first defeat near Montgomery's Tavern. focused on Canadian rights and independence, specifically sovereignty from the British colonial government. A key shared goal was responsible government, which was eventually achieved in the incidents' aftermath. Great Britain's Chartists sought the same democratic goals. Originating in modern-day Quebec, (then called Lower Canada) this independence movement was sparked by a rebellion against the Crown by the “Parti patriote”, or Patriote Party and their followers from 1837 to 1838.  In fact, the merging of the Upper and Lower Canada was intended to take any form of self-government away from the French Canadians, forcing them into becoming a smaller part of the new, larger, political unit. The Rebellion Losses Bill of 1849. Consequences of Rebellion in Upper Canada: The Durham Report suggested that Upper Canada and Lower Canada be united into one colony. The invention of the Eli Whitney Cotton Gin had made slave labor vastly more profitable as cotton became a highly profitable cash crop that used the slave plantation system of farming. The rebellion of 1837 is the event that i chose to talk about, because it was important in Canadian history. The Causes for the Rebellion of 1837-1838 The rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada were in the interests of self-government but were doomed to failure from their beginning. The Rebellions of 1837/1838 in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada were attempts and attacks at their current government for various reasons. With no troops left in Upper Canada, an opportunity for a sympathetic revolt was opened.. These policies favoured r… Many of the rebels (including Mackenzie) fled to the United States. The rebellions led directly to Lord Durham's Report on the Affairs of British North America and to Act of Union 1840 which partially reformed the British provinces into a unitary system and eventually led to the British North America Act, 1867 which created Canada and its government. The rebels believed that the right of citizens to participate in the political process through the election of representatives was the most important right, and they sought to make the legislative council elective rather than appointed. The rebellions and their consequences, 1837 to 1840 HIS304 - Chapter 4 The rebellions of 1837 and 1838 •Tensions continued to grow between British authorities and the Parti patriote •Spring of 1837, PP organized popular assemblies to denounce Russell Resolutions •Louise-Joseph Papineau called for a boycottof products imported from the UK 1 decade ago. There were long-term and short-term problems between the French and British in lower and upper Canada at the time. Favorite Answer. Introduction Long-Term Causes of the Rebellions The Legislative Assembly The Long and Short-Term Causes of the Rebellions of 1837-1838 The Government Elites Additional Issues in Lower Canada Additional Issues in Upper Canada The Economic Decline Connections between Upper and Answer Save. In Lower Canada there was the agricultural crisis that caused a large number of starvations, to the French and English political and social problems within the colony. Causes and Consequences. , In geopolitical terms the Rebellions and the subsequent Patriot War altered the landscape of relations between Britain and British colonial authorities on one hand, and the American government on the other. By contrast, the Upper Canada Rebellion was not as broadly supported by local populations, was quickly quelled by relatively small numbers of pro-government militias and volunteers and was consequently less widespread and brutal by comparison. The rebellion of 1837 is the event that i chose to talk about, because it was important in Canadian history. It seemed then that the reformers' struggles could only be settled outside the framework of existing colonial institutions. Consequences of the Rebellion of 1837? ", Greenwood, F. Murray, and Barry Wright (2 vol 1996, 2002), This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 13:06. An outbreak of cholera, brought by immigrants. The Rebellion helped them get the attention of the Government to negotiate their rights. In 1837 and 1838, insurrections against the British colonial government arose in Lower and Upper. Originating in modern-day Quebec, (then called Lower Canada) this independence movement was sparked by a rebellion against the Crown by the “Parti patriote”, or Patriote Party and their followers from 1837 to 1838. In Lower Canada acute conflict between the elected and appointed elements of the legislature brought all legislation to a halt, leaving the Tories to impose Lord John Russell's Ten Resolutions, allowing them to rule without elected accountability. Both office-holding oligarchies were affiliated with more broadly based "Tory parties" and opposed by a Reform opposition that demanded a radically more democratic government than existed in each colony. Suspicion from both parties could have severe consequences, as what happened only months later. Among the recommendations in his report was the establishment of responsible government for the colonies, one of the rebels' original demands (although it was not achieved until 1849). "The Canadian Civil Wars of 1837–1838. There is continuing debate about who was responsible for the rebellion and the degree of popular support it enjoyed. The public hangings of the rebels took place in Court House Square, in between Toronto's new jail and courthouse. The Rebellions of 1837/1838 in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada were attempts and attacks at their current government for various reasons. Anything else? The British came from Europe and went into power and took control of Upper and Lower Canada politically and basically took over the government. ” Finally, on November 23, 1837 armed rebellion began, when Patriot troops led by Wolfred Nelson defeated British troops in the Richelieu valley town of Saint-Denis. , Those rebels who were arrested in Upper Canada following the 1837 uprisings were put on trial, and most were found guilty of insurrection against the Crown. This frustrated the french because they made new laws and forced… One argument is that the rebellions were the inevitable result of undemocratic, unworkable colonial systems, and that the imperial government in London was out of touch and unsympathetic to reform. The Political Union movement in Britain was largely credited with the passing of the Great Reform Bill of 1832. Peasants and Civilians were fighting for Democracy and Independence. ... Sainte-Scholastique and Sainte-Thérèse, the army burned the houses of the rebellion's leaders. Cause and Effect: The Canadian Rebellions of 1837 and 1838. The constitutions of Upper and Lower Canada differed greatly, but shared a basis on the principle of "mixed monarchy"—a balance of monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. One of the outcomes from these rebellions was the restructuring of the Canadian Parliament. PART 5 The rebellions and their consequences, 1837 to 1840 Textbook, pp. The British military crushed the rebellions, ending any possibility the two Canadas would become republics. With the British minority in Lower Canada Consequences of Rebellion in Lower Canada: Causes of the rebellion in Lower Canada. There are often many causes that themselves have many layers. In memory of their heritage, the group fought to the rallying cry "The Spirit of 1837 Lives on! In particular there are political and socio-cultural factors of these rebellions which led to the violent outbreaks and also created, in turn, nationalism in the populations. In this lesson, students work in small groups to explore the causes and consequences of the Rebellions of 1837. The Rebellion helped them get the attention of the Government to negotiate their rights. ", "Canada: more liberal than Tory? What were the consequences of the Rebellions of 1837? In this lecture, historian Pascal Chevrier discusses the failure of Canada’s first and only rebellion against the British Empire as part of the Rising Tide Foundation series “Towards a Harmony of Interests: Inquiries into the True Nature of the American System” . The rebellion however was put down by the British faily quicky, leaving the Patriotes to find new means of spreading their message of freedom. On December 14 1837, General John Colborne led an expedition to the village of Saint-Eustache. Rebellions of 1837 - Exploring Cause and Consequence. The Tories passed a bill allowing them to continue to sit in disregard of the established practice of dissolving the House on the death of a monarch (William IV died in June 1837).. Some historians contend that the rebellions in 1837 ought to be viewed in the wider context of the late 18th- and early 19th-century Atlantic revolutions.  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