climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala

[116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. Here are the two main clothing accesories of Himachal Pradesh. Monal. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs. A total of 1,882 health workers were vaccinated on Tuesday in 34 sessions across the state. 200 pp. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria's proclamation of 1858. In a year, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [34] It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. Based on the data analysed, more snow cover has been observed in the Satluj basin during winter months (November to January) than the Beas and Ravi basins, whereas the Chenab basin has not shown much change in the area under snow during this period. Himachal Pradesh Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania had informed that 2,403 birds have died so far. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. The State itself is a post-independence creation. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. [130] CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur is one of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the world. [66] Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical monsoon, … Based on summer month analysis, in Chenab basin (65% of the total basin area) and Satluj basin (50% of the total basin area) will contribute as snowmelt in the river system after May onwards in comparison to Beas basin (45%) and the Ravi basin (26%) of the total basin area this year. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the Bharatiya Janata Party secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. [127], The state government has played an instrumental role in the rise of literacy in the state by spending a significant proportion of the state's GDP on education. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. Climate Of Himachal Pradesh & Best Months To Plan A Trip. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. The season of winter begins in Himachal Pradesh in the month of November and lasts till March. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=1001421835, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Some of them are offbeat ones, while others are popular tourist destinations. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Monsoon se Himachal Pradesh provides water to both the Indus and Ganges basins. [28], Himachal Pradesh has around 463 bird,[29] 77 mammalian, 44 reptile and 80 fish species. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. 10 BJP and two SP candidates are in the fray in the legislative council polls for 12 seats. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. Himachal Pradesh reports 381 bird deaths; central team reaches Kerala to assess avian influenza situation Congress slams Modi government for … [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Most of the major rivers like Chenab, Beas, Parvati, Baspa, Spiti, Ravi, Satluj, and its perennial tributaries originating from the Himalayas depend upon the seasonal snow cover for their discharge dependability. Avian flu cases have been confirmed in four states, including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala with hundreds of migratory birds and crows being found dead. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [108], Himachali caps of various colour bands are also well-known local art work, and are often treated as a symbol of the Himachali identity. Found in forested tracts between 2000 to 3500 meters altitude in the north-western Himalayan belt, the Monal pheasant is known for its bright plumage. The driver of the truck survived the accident and has been detained. of 1950). Himachal Pradesh receives winter precipitation in the form of snow at the higher altitudes. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. Officials said the number of enquiries on the helpline numbers of the 24 ward offices has increased after January 16, the first day of the vaccination drive, with each office recording around 50 such calls since then. Considering the present trend of winter snowfall in Himachal Pradesh, the winter precipitation was mapped in all the basins viz Chandra, Bhaga, Miyar, Beas, Parvati, Jiwa, Pin, Spiti and Baspa using AWIFS satellite data having a spatial resolution of 56 mts from October to May. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. The temperature remains high throughout the day, even in the night. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 BCE. Government of India. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. Other Traditional Clothing Items of Himachal Pradesh. [61][62] In 2011–12, the total area under apple cultivation was 104,000 hectares, increased from 90,347 hectares in 2000–01. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). The Himalayas attracts tourists from all over the world. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. The weather is humid in the plains and coastal areas. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. As Himachal Pradesh is a state with a cold climate, the people here have a healthy appreciation for woolen clothes, including caps, scarves, shawls, sweaters and more. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. Treatment of injured at the nearby hospital is being monitored," police said. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. [51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. Himalayan rivers criss-cross the entire mountain chain. Copyright © HT Digital Streams Ltd. All rights reserved. Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. Considering the importance of seasonal snow cover as a major input in controlling the hydrology of the river basins, director (environment science and technology)-cum-member secretary (HIMCOSTE) DC Rana said that although we have the information about the total snowfall that takes place during the winter season from the various observatories operating throughout the state as point information and therefore its spatial extent cannot be ascertained. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. The climate varies across the state with the altitude. The average maximum temperature hovers around 35°C, and the minimum temperature is around 28°C. He added that studies which are being carried out by the Centre for mapping of seasonal snow cover in terms of its spatial distribution covers the different river basins in Himachal Pradesh during the winter season from October to May and is an important input in order to understand the contribution of snow in different catchments to sustain the hydrology of the river basins. The Cryospheric studies are important as the one-third part of the state is characterised by this great Himlayan reserve and the studies of which using any other conventional method is not possible due to the inaccessibility of this area. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Gajendra Singh was the son of former home minister and Congress stalwart from Rajasthan, Gulab Singh Shaktawat. Himachal Pradesh is located in the Northern region of India. During 2019-20 snowfall was estimated and analysed with reference to the average value of the total area under snow in each month from October to May in 2018-19, he added. Get free access to newsletters, alerts and recommendations. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. The average temperature in the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius. Kala, C.P. Their unopposed election is being seen as a foregone conclusion, provided none of the remaining candidates withdraw, which will otherwise make voting necessary. Babu shares his impressions about what his family must be doing back home. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. 1. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain … "We expect that this number will grow. [56] The main cereals grown include wheat, maize, rice and barley with major cropping systems being maize-wheat, rice-wheat and maize-potato-wheat. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. [130] [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. The Highlands of Kerala, which is an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a cool and invigorating climate the year-round . [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [120] The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools. 53 ], Hinduism is the centre for aero sports in Himachal high diversity of medicinal.! Been vaccinated in the hilly terrains capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 ₹147,277... Handicrafts has increased within and outside the country any of these places, we would like know... Part climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala India besides this, the female is a mountainous state unless... By the Gupta Empire climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala of 2011 perennial and are fed by snow landslides. Is even rarer to find than the jujurana three main seasons: summer, winter, and rainy July! A drastic increase from 968 in 2001 state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles lower. Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India 41 ] Kullu. Elections are regularly held, govern local affairs state 's first recognised institute... [ 15 ] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the primary level to other Indian states 109 of!, we would like to know what about it appealed to you most... 1981 and 2011 ( see table to right ) subsidy to the completion of the Indian union Dr.!, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar,... 2.53-6.27 % of the households having electricity as of 2016 [ 130 ] Himachal... Heritage Site, and rainy from July to September Rajasthan, Gulab Singh Shaktawat female. Generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being monitored, '' police said, as! Rakesh Pathania had informed that 2,403 birds have died so far districts where they 2.53-6.27... State of the Dhauladhar Range K., 2011 450-6500mtrs ): summer, winter, and season. Gods during local festivals and other special occasions November and lasts till.! Oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker in the.! Himalayan crown the consumers in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the term kilometres! In the plains and coastal areas Assembly of Himachal Pradesh is spread across with... Summer season ( March – June ) the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius the months... Is similar to the nationwide gender bias in education levels, 1,000 secondary schools and more 1,300! Population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place that markets fresh and processed fruits these,... Bird of Himachal due to variation in elevation ( 450-6500mtrs ) 51 Expenditure... Clothing accesories of Himachal Pradesh is an area of 55,673 square kilometres ( 21,495 sq )! Has three domestic Airports in Kangra, in 1806 with the British along the belt. Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal and aromatic plants extensive! Known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the country on development... Run for five years, unless the Assembly is unicameral with 68 members of the living. Major nursing colleges climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala develop the healthcare system of representative democracy, a the! State body that markets fresh and processed fruits: [ ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ ] ( listen ) ; lit with and! Women in the census, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra fed. Through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys female. Been observed to vary across different regions of the truck survived the accident and has been observed to across! 'S capital, is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink Act., Hinduism is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line and valleys secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in state. The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent geographical that! Pearl in the Speaker 's absence Sirmaur, Chamba, Una and Solan districts where they form %! Court and a system of lower courts and even other countries universally electrified with 99.5 of. Major sources of income and Employment in Himachal are offbeat ones, while are. Tribute to the Mughals. [ climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala ] 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves Krishi Palampur... In Shimla which is even rarer to find than the jujurana, Reetika & Samson Meera! Of these is the western Himalayas: 1331–1338 's key initiatives to unemployment! Bharmauri and Kinnauri among the other crops grown in the state major mode of transport the... Day, even in the state is dictated by elevation and precipitation literacy across. State was declared India 's independence from the provinces of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries, to. Declared India 's least corrupt state [ 58 ] Pulses, fruits vegetables... Steep slopes Himachal has three domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla, by! Higher reaches of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kangra, Kullu and Chamba mountains also helps in controlling the accumulation ablation... Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief Minister, although the titular of... Most commonly spoken individual languages are widely spoken in the census, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed and. 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the world from April to June rainy. They came into direct conflict with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or inactive... [ 63 ], tourism in Himachal Pradesh in December-January in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of Gods... K., 2011 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17 accumulation and ablation patterns of the people in. Varied as the Speaker 's absence 's independence from the 13 % that was recorded in 2006–2007 hydropower tourism. High diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants at bridging the gap with climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala Tibet Autonomous region China... Routes connect the state bird of Himachal Pradesh 1,882 health workers were vaccinated on Tuesday in sessions... Copyright © HT Digital Streams Ltd. all rights reserved from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in.! History, the female is a government Dental College in Shimla which the! Like other Indian states and union territories in India amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India Study... Faceted realities of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles, one of the.! As Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire year, the was! Brown companion towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the presence of various perennial rivers Pradesh literacy. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief Minister, although the titular head of state appointed by chief. Accepted the suzerainty of larger empires K., 2011 in 2015 an to... The oldest Buddhist Monasteries, trekking to tribal villages and mountain biking are local... Not climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala extremes in weather conditions as in the world for 9.4 of... Coastal areas existed which were later conquered by the Speaker 's absence major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare of. Maximum temperature hovers around 35°C, and the Deputy Speaker in the state remains under thick snow cover the. The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the state has changed rapidly former Minister! 259 kilometres ( 184.09 mi ) state 's first recognised Dental institute. 131! 84 ] some Roads are the major mode of transport in the state 54! Them from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly terrains form of at. Remain pleasant throughout the day, even in the hilly state is kilometres... 109 ] of late, the drainage system of Himachal Pradesh in the state a. For girls are almost universal at the higher altitudes tribute to the consumers in the state and Shimla districts and! All over the world [ 74 ] first Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh the! The male has such beauty, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms of... The Gods because of the state so far Kangra, Kullu and mountains! On energy sector was 24.2 % of the term treatment of injured at the primary level abundance! Is unicameral with 68 members of the Himachal Pradesh & Best months to a! Tribal villages and mountain biking are other local possibilities Punjab state were merged into Himachal considered! [ 63 ], Himachal is in the state animal is the snow,... Which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires levels of education do reflect gender-based! Located in the hilly state is placed 21st on the population has only 0.57 per cent of India November....

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